National Agricultural Higher Education Project | Centre for Advanced Agricultural Science & Technology on Standardization of Integrated Farming system Models for the State of Jharkhand.

Integrated Farming System



Standardization of Integrated Farming System Models for the State of Jharkhand
Jharkhand as a state is known as a vast reservoir of natural resources in terms of forest as well as minerals. The total geographical area of Jharkhand state is 79.72 lakh ha and cultivable land for agriculture is approximately 38 lakh ha. The net sown area (NSA) is only 28 per cent ofthe geographical area of the state due to hilly terrain. The soil is acidicin nature and irrigation facilities are very meagre. Total irrigated area is only 14.77per cent of NSA and the rainisvery unpredictable. The average annual rainfall ofthe state is 1300mm but due to its inadequate distribution more than 80% mater runoff, rainfall occurs around 100 days annually only. Normally, the rain starts from 15th June and ends by 25th September. The South-West monsoon contributes nearly 85% of rain water. Accordingly,success or failure of crop production is closely linked with the onset, progress and withdrawal of monsoon. About 75% area covered under rice production during Kharif(rainy) season in Jharkhand remains fallow in the subsequent Rabi season due to number of biotic, abiotic and socio-economic constraints. The main crops of Jharkhand state are paddy, maize,wheat, pulses,oilseeds, potato and vegetables. Besides this, there are good opportunities to raise horticultural crops in the state, the area under Fruit crops is approximately 0.72 lakh ha. and under vegetable it is reported to be 2.59 lakh ha. Jharkhand has 62,000 crossbred cattle, 1.1 million non-descript cattle and 0.31 million buffaloes in milk, producing around 1.7 million tonesofmilk. Milk production per animal is in the range of 0.952 to 2.91 (indigenous cattle) 3.31 to 7.04 (crossbred cattle) and 2.05 to 5.44 Kg per day (Buffalo), respectively. Poultry population of 11.2 million contributing 3962 million eggs per annum. The State also has 6.6 million goals and 0.7 million pigs. The present area under fish production is 1.70 lakh ha.Majority of the farming community (62.6 %) is marginal with average land holding 0.52 ha and small (17.5%) with average holding of 1.52 ha. Out of the 10.13million working population, 76.86% are engaged in agriculture.

The area under forest is approximately 30 per cent. It feels proud to state that the Jharkhand is first rank holder in tasar silk production in the country. Socio-economic condition Jharkhand is very rich in terms of availability of natural resources. It is adorned with some of the richest deposits of iron ores and coals in the world. Despite this, state is confronting challenges of under development, high incidence of poverty, unemployment, malnutrition and ill health. Integrated Farming System (lFS) will be helpful in mitigating the challenges in terms of better livelihood and socio-economic upliftment. Keeping in view. ICAR, New Delhi has sanctioned Rs. 22.25 Crores under NAHEP CAAST on lFS Project with following objectives and activities:

Objective:
  • Validation and perfection of different IFS models and to develop a “Knowledge Hub ofIntegrated farming System” at national levels as an advanced training centre to upgrade the knowledge and skills of various stake holders.
    1. Modification in existing farming system models, based on the constraints identified through PRA
    2. Documentation of probable and feasible modification in farming system model.
    3. Bio-diversity in terms of Indigenous live stock and Crops
    4. Identification of resource person for development of course curricula for diploma, certificate and short courses.
    5. Identification of experts from collaborating organization/ institution for guiding dissertation work during master and Ph.D. programme of the students.
    6. Formulation of the course curricula for different certificate courses.
    7. Development of educational aids.
    8. Certificate courses for entrepreneurship and argo industry ready programme.
    9. Extra mural lecture(s) series of the distinguished faculty/scientists.
  • Involvement of M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in higher education, advanced technical trainings/exposure visits at National and International Institute for up-gradation of their knowledge and skills in the area of research in various IFS models.
    1. Post graduate(M.Sc & Ph. D) Students from different disciplines(Agriculture, Veterinary & forestry) will be trained(one week) on appropriate methods and approaches.
  • Scaling up the capacity building of the faculty for enhancing their research and teaching capabilities to impart advanced knowledge to P.G. students in area of IFS and enabling them for Agri-Entrepreneurship
    1. Identification of faculty for capacity building is based on their involvement in IFS.
    2. Nomination of facility for capacity building & skill up-gradation at national and international institutional/universities.
    3. Identification of need based researchable issues for technology development related to IFS like crop, fodder and livestock production, optimization of pond size, utilization of farm and industrial waste for soil amelioration and value addition in farm produce.
    4. Identification of students for perusing master & Ph.D research programme.
    5. Nomination of master & Ph.D students for skill training at national/international level.
  • To develop vibrant linkages with National/International/Private Organization for sharing of knowledge, promoting innovations and speeding up transfer of technology to end users.
    1. Development of linkages with national/ International/Private Organizations.
    2. Validation and testing of developed Technology through KVKs & regional research stations.
    3. Setting up “KIOS” at ATIC & different KKVKs of the university for easy access of development technologies, constituting of “desk of expertise”.
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